Indiana Supreme Court Currently Reviewing Statute Of Limitations Rules Applicable to Promissory Notes
Indiana law is clear that actions to enforce promissory notes have a six-year statute of limitations. The trickier question surrounds when the clock starts ticking on the six years. The law frames this issue as: when does the cause of action accrue.
Over the last couple years, three cases before the Indiana Court of Appeals have tackled that question in the context of promissory notes with optional acceleration clauses. I’ve already written two posts about one of those cases, Collins Asset Group v. Alialy:
- Indiana Court of Appeals Adopts Reasonableness Test For Promissory Note Statute of Limitations; and
- Indiana Has Two Statutes Of Limitations For Promissory Notes.
On 4/5/19, the Court of Appeals issued its opinion in the second case, Stroud v. Stone, 122 N.E.3d 825 (Ind. Ct. App. 2019), which followed Alialy and held that a lender can’t sue over six years after a payment default simply by accelerating the note. Then, on 6/12/19, in Blair v. EMC Mortgage, 127 N.E.3d 1187 (Ind. Ct. App. 2019), the Court of Appeals followed suit in the third case and concluded that the lender had waited an unreasonable time amount of time to accelerate its note.
Based upon these three decisions by the Court of Appeals, Indiana law appeared to be settled on the accrual issue. Specifically, to absolutely safe, in Indiana, a lender’s suit to enforce a promissory note should be filed within six years of the borrower’s last payment. Or, at a minimum, assuming the note has an optional acceleration clause, the debt should be formally accelerated within six years, and it would be advisable to file suit within a period of time thereafter that is reasonable under the circumstances.
There has been a development, however. Alialy and Blair are now before the Indiana Supreme Court. (Stroud is not - officially.) Under Indiana rules of procedure, the Alialy and Blair opinions have therefore been vacated. We are left to wait on our Supreme Court’s holding. I expect an opinion during the first half of 2020, at which point some of the questions raised in my two posts about Alialy should be answered. Stand by.
I represent parties in disputes arising out of loans. If you need assistance with a such a matter, please call me at 317-639-6151 or email me at email@example.com. Also, don’t forget that you can follow me on Twitter @JohnDWaller or on LinkedIn, or you can subscribe to posts via RSS or email as noted on my home page.