Lesson. A borrower-mortgagor’s challenge to a lender-mortgagee’s execution of a writ of assistance needs to occur in the state court foreclosure action, not in a subsequent federal court case. Even then, there’s not much the borrower can do about the writ, which essentially is the process to evict the former owner following a sheriff’s sale.
Case cite. Holt v. BSI, 2017 WL 3438192 (N.D. Ind. 2017) (pdf)
Legal issue. Whether a borrower/mortgagor had a viable federal court claim against his lender (the mortgagee) for damages arising out of the manner in which a state court writ of assistance was executed.
Vital facts. A borrower lost a state court mortgage foreclosure action, and his property was sold at a sheriff’s sale. The lender then obtained a writ of assistance in order to take possession of the property. Movers later loaded the borrower’s belongings onto a truck and locked him out of the house. Among other things, the borrower, in this subsequent federal case, claimed that the lender should not have taken possession of his property and that some of his belongings were damaged after they were removed.
Procedural history. The defendants, including the lender/mortgagee, filed a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss the borrower’s claims.
Key rules. For the rules related to Trial Rule 70(A) writs of assistance, please click on the related blog posts below. One guideline of particular importance here is the Seventh Circuit precedent establishing that “the sheriff has the ‘right and duty’ to execute the writ of assistance immediately upon receiving it,” so the borrower (former owner) cannot claim that the writ was executed without delay.
Holding. In Holt, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana granted the defendants’ motions and dismissed the borrower’s case.
Policy/rationale. The borrower alleged that the lender wrongfully seized his property because it executed the writ of assistance while the borrower was contesting the foreclosure. However, the state court had already entered the foreclosure judgment, and the sheriff had already sold the mortgaged property. As such, the borrower “had already lost that dispute.” The foreclosure order entitled the lender to immediate possession of the real estate and directed the sheriff to enter the property and remove the borrower from it.
As to the borrower’s personal property, his complaint did not allege that the lender actually performed the lockout or took the belongings. Rather, an independent contractor performed those acts. Also the Court noted the principle that the borrower “could have avoided his trouble by moving out voluntarily and promptly when [the lender] obtained title to the property as opposed to forcing [the lender] to utilize the sheriff’s department to enforce the court’s decision.” In the end, the Court in Holt concluded that the borrower did not identify a basis upon which the lender could be liable for negligence.
- The Execution Of A Writ Of Assistance Need Not Be “Commercially Reasonable”
- Seventh Circuit: Indiana Writs of Assistance Do Not Need To Be Executed In A Commercially-Reasonable Manner
- Writ Of Assistance: Timing And Other Practical Tips
I represent lenders, as well as their mortgage loan servicers, in connection with contested mortgage foreclosure cases and related claims. If you need assistance with a similar matter, please call me at 317-639-6151 or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Also, don’t forget that you can follow me on Twitter @JohnDWaller or on LinkedIn, or you can subscribe to posts via RSS or email as noted on my home page.